Screening of biodiesel production from waste tuna oil (Thunnus sp.), seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii and Gracilaria sp.

Mochammad Amin Alamsjah, Annur Ahadi Abdillah, Hutami Mustikawati, Suci Dwi Purnawa Atari

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Biodiesel has several advantages over solar. Compared to solar, biodiesel has more eco-friendly characteristic and produces lower greenhouse gas emissions. Biodiesel that is made from animal fats can be produced from fish oil, while other alternative sources from vegetable oils are seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii and Gracilaria sp. Waste tuna oil (Thunnus sp.) in Indonesia is commonly a side product of tuna canning industries known as tuna precook oil; on the other hand, seaweed Gracilaria sp. and Kappaphycus alvarezii are commonly found in Indonesia's seas. Seaweed waste that was used in the present study was 100 kg and in wet condition, and the waste oil was 10 liter. The seaweed was extracted with soxhletation method that used n-hexane as the solvent. To produce biodiesel, trans esterification was performed on the seaweed oil that was obtained from the soxhletation process and waste tuna oil. Biodiesel manufactured from seaweed K. alvarezii obtained the best score in flash point, freezing point, and viscosity test. However, according to level of manufacturing efficiency, biodiesel from waste tuna oil is more efficient and relatively easier compared to biodiesel from waste K. alvarezii and Gracilaria sp.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication6th International Conference and Workshops on Basic and Applied Sciences
EditorsHewa Y. Abdullah
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415713
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2017
Event6th International Conference and Workshops on Basic and Applied Sciences, ICOWOBAS 2017 - Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
Duration: 18 Mar 201719 Mar 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1888
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference6th International Conference and Workshops on Basic and Applied Sciences, ICOWOBAS 2017
Country/TerritoryIraq
CityErbil, Kurdistan
Period18/03/1719/03/17

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Screening of biodiesel production from waste tuna oil (Thunnus sp.), seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii and Gracilaria sp.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this