Diabetes Mellitus (DM) remains a public health problem that needs attention in various countries, including in Indonesia that has the 4th largest DM cases globally. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that, by 2030, the number of people with DM will be twice higher than the current number which is 180 million people worldwide. Diabetes mellitus can be prevented and avoided by taking control of the risk factors. The purpose of this study was to assess the risk factors of Diabetes Mellitus in Indonesia. This is a secondary data analysis of the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) 5 which was a cross sectional survey. To analyze risk factors of DM, Chi-square and logistic regression test were used. The risk factors analyzed included sex, age, marital status, history of hypertension, cholesterol levels, obesity, smoking habit, employment status, habit of consuming fast food, consumption of sweet foods, and consumption soft drinks. Significant risk factors of diabetes mellitus included age (OR = 5.28, 95% CI: 4.37 – 6.37; p value = 0.001), marital status (OR = 1.69, 95% CI: 1.36 – 2.09; p value = 0.001), history of hypertension (OR = 2.67, 95% CI: 2.25 – 3.17; p value = 0.001), cholesterol levels (OR = 4.36, 95% CI: 3.58 – 5.31; p value = 0.001), employment status (OR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.29 – 1.80; p value = 0.001), and habit of consuming sweet foods (OR = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.48 – 0.83; p value = 0.002).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-174
Number of pages10
JournalJurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2022


  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • IFLS 2014
  • logistic regression
  • risk factor


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