Risk Factors For Adolescent Pregnancy In The New Normal Era Of The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Case-Control Study

Eny Qurniyawati, Santi Martini, Fariani Syahrul, Maya Sari Dewi, Rahayu Lubis, Nayla Mohamed Gomaa Nasr

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Cases of early marriage are reported to have increased during the pandemic due to stressed teenagers with the pressure of online learning. The increase in this number plays a role in increasing the risk of teenage pregnancy. This study aimed to analyse the risk factors for adolescent pregnancies during the new normal era of the COVID-19 pandemic. A case-control design using a simple random sampling technique involved 40 pregnant adolescents aged 15-19 years and 80 non-pregnant adolescents during the online learning period (July 2021 to January 2022) in Ngawi Regency, Indonesia. Data obtained from interviews were analysed to find Odds Ratio (OR) with a 95% Confidence Interval (CI). Results showed factors associated with adolescent pregnancies were underpaid parental income (OR 4.00, 95%CI 1.64–9.74), authoritarian and permissive parenting (OR 12.75, 95%CI 4.71–34.46), lack of exposure to media about reproductive health (OR 7.91, 95%CI 3.32–18.84), risky dating behaviour (OR 37.09, 95%CI 4.86–283.25), and smoking habit (OR 5.57, 95%CI 1.03–30.12). Preventing adolescent pregnancies could be done through public health education focusing on adolescent communities, parent-child discussion on reproductive health, as well as exposure to educative media related to reproductive health and the impacts of juvenile delinquency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number00007
JournalBIO Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2022
Event4th International Conference on Public Health for Tropical and Coastal Development, ICOPH-TCD 2022 - Virtual, Online, Indonesia
Duration: 30 Aug 202231 Aug 2022


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