Objective: To compare the response of first-generation EGFR-TKI (epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with single common and uncommon EGFR mutation. Methods: Patients were divided into two groups, the uncommon (exon 21 L861Q, exon 18 G719X, exon 18 delE709) and common EGFR mutation group (exon 19 deletion, exon 21 L858R). Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) using EuroQol EQ-5D® questionnaire, body weight, performance status (PS), Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) on chest CT, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was recorded during TKI therapy. Results: The value of HRQOL was stable and PS was constant in both groups, body weight was constant in uncommon group (42.1%) and increased in common group (44.1%; p=0.165). The uncommon group showed mostly progressive disease in RECIST (47.4%) while the common group showed mostly partial response (42.2%; p=0.007). PFS in the uncommon group was 4 (2.0-6.0) months and 7.0 (2.0-21.0) months in the common group (p=0.001). OS in the uncommon and common group were 4.00±1.71 months and 10.00±6.94 months (p<0.001), respectively. Conclusion: NSCLC patients with common EGFR mutations showed a better response and survival rate compared to uncommon EGFR mutations on first-generation TKI therapy.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2021|
- EGFR mutation
- Tyrosine kinase inhibitor