Respinos: A Portable Device for Remote Vital Signs Monitoring of COVID-19 Patients

Trio Adiono, Nur Ahmadi, Citrya Saraswati, Yudi Aditya, Yusuf Purna Yudhanto, Abdillah Aziz, Laksmi Wulandari, Daniel Maranatha, Gemilang Khusnurrokhman, Agustinus Rizki Wirawan Riadi, Reza Widianto Sudjud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The rapidly increasing number of COVID-19 patients has posed a massive burden on many healthcare systems worldwide. Moreover, the limited availability of diagnostic and treatment equipment makes it difficult to treat patients in the hospital. To reduce the burden and maintain the quality of care, asymptomatic patients or patients with mild symptoms are advised to self-isolate at home. However, self-isolated patients need to be continuously monitored as their health can turn into critical condition within a short time. Therefore, a portable device that can remotely monitor the condition and progression of the health of these patients is urgently needed. Here we present a portable device, called Respinos, that can monitor multiparameter vital signs including respiratory rate, heart rate, body temperature, and SpO2. It can also operate as a spirometer that measures forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume (FEV), FEV in the first second (FEV1), and peak expiratory flow Rate (PEFR) parameters which are useful for detecting pulmonary diseases. The spirometer is designed in the form of a tube that can be ergonomically inflated by the patient, and is equipped with an accurate and disposable turbine based air flow sensor to evaluate the patient's respiratory condition. Respinos uses rechargeable batteries and wirelessly connects to a mobile application whereby the patient's condition can be monitored in real-time and consulted with doctors via chat. Extensive comparison against medical-grade reference devices showed good performance of Respinos. Overall results demonstrate the potential of Respinos for remote patient monitoring during and post pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)947-961
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2022


  • COVID-19
  • mobile health
  • patient monitoring
  • pulmonary diseases
  • spirometer
  • vital signs


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