Relationship quality of nursing work life and burnout among nurses: A systematic review

Tita Rohita, Nursalam Nursalam, Muhammad Hadi, Ferry Efendi, Dedeng Nurkholik, Idyatul Hasanah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Nurses are professionals who are significantly at risk of experiencing burnout due to their high workload and work stress, most of which are caused by long-term patient interactions. One of the causes of burnout is the occurrence of work-family conflicts, which will cause a decreased quality of nursing work life. Moreover, this study intends to identify the relationship between the Quality ofNursing Work Life (QNWL) and burnout among nurses. Methods: This study conducted a systematic review using four academic databases (Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus, and ProQuest) with a publication range from 2017 to 2022. Furthermore, the subjects in this study were nurses who worked in hospitals. Therefore, these variables include quality of nursing work life and burnout. The inclusion criteria in the literature study were cross-sectionalarticles measuring QNWL and burnout among nurses. The guidelines for reviewing journals used Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA). Results: The results of 20 studies exploring QNWL and nurse burnout. Moreover, most reviews of the result showed a significant relationship between QNWL and burnout among nurses. Furthermore, the factors related to QNWL, and burnout include environmental factors including role conflict, workload, lack of social support, pressure from patients, bullying at work, lack of professional development opportunities, alcohol consumption, and level of flexibility in working time while personal factors are gender, age, marital status, personality, expectations, length of work, and having children. Conclusion: There is a relationship between QNWL and burnout among nurses. In addition, nurse burnout needs to be controlled because it can affect QNWL nurses, impacting the quality of nursing care, satisfaction, and performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S1205-S1214
JournalGaceta Medica de Caracas
Volume130
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Burnout
  • Nurse
  • Quality of Nursing Work Life

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