Background: Social media users in Indonesia are dominated by adolescents and users in big city areas. The use of social media in high intensity can affect sleep quality, social interactions, and self-esteem in adolescents. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the intensity of social media use and the quality of sleep, social interaction, and self-esteem of urban adolescents. Method: Cross sectional study design. The sample was 141 students and was taken using total sampling technique. The independent variable in this study was the intensity of social media use while the dependent variable was sleep quality, social interaction, and self-esteem. Collecting data using online questionnaires (google form) and analyzed using Spearman rho with a significance level of a = 0.05. Results: The relationship between the intensity of social media use was significant with sleep quality (p = 0.000; r = -0.459), social interaction (p = 0.000; r = -0.348), and self-esteem (p = 0.001; r = -0.286) at urban adolescents in Surabaya. Discussion: The use of social media in adolescents needs to be addressed wisely because it can be a factor in causing poor sleep quality, social anxiety and low self-esteem if used excessively.
- Intensity of social media use
- Sleep quality
- Social interaction
- Urban adolescents