Maternal nutritional status before pregnancy is a risk factor for maternal and fetal health. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between pre-pregnancy BMI, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), and haemoglobin levels in pregnancy. This study used a cross-sectional study design involving 200 pregnant women. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and direct measurement. The result showed that 19% mothers were underweight before pregnancy; during pregnancy, 51.5% of mothers suffered from anaemia and 19% suffered from chronic energy deficiency. Correlation test showed pre-pregnancy BMI was related to MUAC (r=0.746; p=0.000) and haemoglobin level (r=0.145; p=0.041) in pregnancy.
|Number of pages||2|
|Journal||Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2020|
- Chronic energy deficiency (CED)
- Nutritional status