Relationship between Pre-pregnancy BMI with MUAC and Haemoglobin Level in Pregnancy

Dyan Fajar Christianti, Rian Diana, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani, Faisal Anwar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Maternal nutritional status before pregnancy is a risk factor for maternal and fetal health. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between pre-pregnancy BMI, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), and haemoglobin levels in pregnancy. This study used a cross-sectional study design involving 200 pregnant women. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and direct measurement. The result showed that 19% mothers were underweight before pregnancy; during pregnancy, 51.5% of mothers suffered from anaemia and 19% suffered from chronic energy deficiency. Correlation test showed pre-pregnancy BMI was related to MUAC (r=0.746; p=0.000) and haemoglobin level (r=0.145; p=0.041) in pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-58
Number of pages2
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • Anaemia
  • Chronic energy deficiency (CED)
  • Nutritional status
  • Pregnancy
  • Underweight


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