Regulating Sustainable Coffee: An Analysis of Smallholder Farmers’ Participation in Certifications

Cenuk Sayekti, Iman Prihandono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE: This paper presents the findings of a study conducted to identify the preference of smallholders to join coffee certifications for the purpose of sustainability performance. Our focus is on the examination of the smallholder coffee farmers’ participation in sustainability goals through voluntary certification. The study includes insights from different smallholder farmers in Indonesia with a special focus on the coffee sector. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: In order to gain more clarity on the farmers’ preference on certification schemes, this paper comprises a qualitative method aimed to draw out certification in the coffee sector. FINDINGS: This study finds that certification programmes are still in a vulnerable position to regulate sustainability, to protect the environment, and protect human rights beyond the state’s regulations. RESEARCH LIMITATIONS/IMPLICATIONS: This research does not aim to identify the benefits of certification schemes, but the conditions that have hindered the uptake of certification by smallholders. and what might encourage them to participate in certification for sustainability purposes. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: This paper presents new information on smallholders’ preferences on certification participation in the coffee sector, and proposes significant factors that might encourage certification of the coffee sector in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-123
Number of pages13
JournalWorld Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Coffee Certification
  • Farmers’ Participation
  • Sustainable


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