Background: The bone healing of the alveolar socket post-dental extraction is critical in dental services. Delayed healing is a common problem in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. It is due to the impaired angiogenic response and microvascular complications. Okra fruit extract can control diabetes mellitus (DM) in several ways, delaying glucose absorption and regenerating pancreatic cells. It can impact an increase in insulin secretion and glycogenesis to control hyperglycemia in DM. This study analyzed the regenerative alveolar bone through the expression of TGF-β2 in the tooth socket of Wistar rats with diabetes mellitus post-extraction after administration of okra fruit extract. Patients and methods: Extraction of the rat mandibular left incisor was performed using a pair of modified forceps. The tooth sockets were then rinsed using a saline solution. Two groups (control & treatment) of four rats were sacrificed on days 3, 5, and 7. The socket tissues from the rats were then immunohistochemically analyzed Results: The average level of TGF‐β1 expression in the treatment (T) groups was higher compared to the control (C) group: day 3 (10.50±2.67 versus 4.83±1.17), day 5 (12.33±1.63 versus 5.17±2.32), and day 7 (13.00±2.83 versus 4.50±1.05), with P = 0.000 Conclusion: The administration of okra fruit extract can increase regenerative alveolar bone healing through increased expression of TGF-β2 in the dental socket after tooth extraction of diabetic Wistar rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1699-1705
Number of pages7
JournalBali Medical Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Diabetes mellitus
  • TGF-β2
  • bone regenerative
  • okra fruit
  • wound healing


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