Recurrent keratoconjunctivitis as the sole manifestation of COVID-19 infection: A case report

Satria Audi Hutama, Firas Farisi Alkaff, Ryan Enast Intan, Citra Dewi Maharani, Luki Indriaswati, Ismi Zuhria

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11 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Ocular symptoms are uncommon manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. Earlier study reported that dry eye, blurred vision, foreign body sensation, tearing, itching, conjunctival secretion, conjunctival congestion, ocular pain, and photophobia are among the ocular symptoms that could be found in COVID-19 patients. However, there are only a few reports available regarding corneal involvement in this disease. Here we report a case of keratoconjunctivitis as the only symptom of COVID-19 infection. Case description: A 27-year-old man who worked as an obstetrics and gynecology resident came to the outpatient clinic with the chief complaints of eye discomfort, foreign body sensation, conjunctival hyperemia, lacrimation, and photophobia in his right eye for the past 3 weeks. Fluorescence test showed a small corneal lesion. The patient was then diagnosed with keratoconjunctivitis. A week after the treatment, all symptoms were resolved. A month later, the patient came to the emergency room with the same eye complaints but with a more severe pain. The fluorescence test showed wider corneal lesion compared to last month. The result from the corneal swab is negative for bacterial or fungal infection, indicating a viral infection. Afterwards, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction test from nasopharyngeal swab was performed and revealed that the patient was positive for COVID-19. Conclusions: This case report showed that keratoconjunctivitis may occur as the only manifestation of COVID-19 infection. Thus, patient presented with unexplainable eye symptoms should be evaluated for COVID-19 infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)NP17-NP21
JournalEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • COVID-19
  • Case report
  • SARS-CoV2
  • keratoconjunctivitis
  • ocular Infection


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