Psychosocial factor analysis with the levels of drug use in adolescents

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Introduction: In Indonesia, narcotics, psychotropic, and addictive substance users are increasing every year. There are active users from teenagers and school and college students who generally still have parents. This study analyzed several psychosocial factors that correlate with drug use levels in adolescence at the National Narcotics Agency of East Java Province. Methods: This research was a quantitative study with a cross-sectional design. The instruments used were the National Narcotics Agency Assessment, psychosocial stress using the Holmes Rahe questionnaire, family functions using the APGAR Family, and social support using a Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Results: The level of drug use showed that 32.3% of 31 subjects had a high level of drug use. On the characteristics of psychosocial stressors, it was found that the subjects were evenly distributed, i.e., not stressed as much as 25.8%, mild stress 22.6%, moderate stress 29%, and severe stress 22.6%. In the characteristics of family function, 48.4% of subjects had good family functions. On the characteristics of social support, it was found that 38.7% had good social support. The level of drug use had a positive correlation (Spearman’s test) with several psychosocial factors, including psychosocial stressors (p = 0.001; r = 0.578), family function (p = 0.001; r = 0.547), and social support (p = 0.005; r = 0.489). Conclusion: Psychosocial factors of psychosocial stress, family function, and social support are correlated with the level of drug use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2479-2484
Number of pages6
JournalEurAsian Journal of BioSciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Drug use levels
  • Family function
  • Psychosocial stressors
  • Social support


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