Children with transfusion-dependent thalassemia experience stressful conditions related to chronic anemia, repeated blood transfusions, and iron chelation adherence. They are vulnerable to emotional and behavioral problems and psychosocial disturbances. An observational evaluation of psychosocial issues in children with TDTs aged 4–18 using Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaires (SDQ). Psychosocial part in children with TDTs often experiences difficulties in childhood under 10 years old, compared to adolescents (11–18 years) for emotional symptoms and conduct problems. Boys and girls had similar psychosocial problems regarding emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity-inatttention, peer relationship problems, and prosocial behavior. In a quarter of cases, they had emotional symptoms, conduct, and hyperactivity-inattention issues, especially in younger children. Interestingly, younger children have more problems than adolescence in peer relations even though they are still under strict parental supervision. Difficulties in emotion, conduct, and hyperactivity would affect their relationship life. Children may try to be accepted by their social environment (prosocial) even though they realize that there are problems in their emotional life and peer relationships. Regular screening of the psychosocial aspects should be followed by counseling because regular transfusion and iron chelation are necessary for long-term management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-139
Number of pages16
JournalVulnerable Children and Youth Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Child
  • emotional and conduct
  • peer relationship
  • prosocial behavior
  • psychosocial aspects
  • transfusion-dependent thalassemia


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