Autoimmune Thyroid Disease (AIT) is a frequent comorbidity in Down Syndrome (DS). Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Non-Receptor Type 22 C1858T (PTPN-22 C1858T) gene polymorphisms have a role in the progression of AIT. The study on PTPN-22 C1858T gene polymorphism as the risk factor of AIT in DS children is still limited. This study aims to evaluate PTPN-22 C1858T polymorphism in Indonesian DS children. A cross-sectional study involving 31 DS children with hypothyroidism (19 boys/12 girls) was conducted for ten months from February to November 2020 at Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya. The PTPN-22 C1858T gene polymorphism was analyzed using Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction-Fragment-Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Anti-Thyroid Peroxidase (Anti-TPO) and Anti-Thyroglobulin (Anti-TG), FT4, T3, and TSH levels were analyzed using Enzyme-Linked-Immunosorbent-Assay (ELISA). The mean age of the subjects was 19.45±17.3 months. The CT variant of PTPN-22 C1858T was observed in all subjects. The mean level of T3, FT4, and TSH were 1.59±0.45 ng/mL, 0.8100.57 ng/mL, 0.2200.21 µU/mL, respectively. Around 83.9% of patients suffered from central hypothyroidism, 12.9% from primary hypothyroidism, and 3.2% from subclinical hypothyroidism. The positive anti-TG and anti-TPO were observed in 96.8% and 58.1%, respectively. CT variant was observed in Indonesian DS children who suffered from hypothyroidism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number283
JournalPediatria Medica e Chirurgica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 2023


  • PTPN-22 C1858T polymorphism
  • autoimmunity
  • down syndrome
  • hypothyroidism


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