Background: Deep neck infection (DNI) is an infection that occurs in the deep neck fascia and spaces commonly found in diabetic patients. Impaired immune system due to hyperglycemic condition in diabetic patients leads to different clinical presentations, prognosis, and management and therapy in this group of patients. Case Presentation: We reported a deep neck infection and abscess in a diabetic patient that resulted in acute kidney injury and airway obstruction. We have done CT-scan imaging that supported the diagnosis of a submandibular abscess. Prompt and aggressive treatment of DNI with antibiotics, blood glucose control, and surgical incision has exhibited a favorable outcome. Conclusion: Diabetes mellitus is the most common comorbidity among patients with DNI. Studies showed that hyperglycemia impaired bactericidal functions of neutrophils, cellular immunity, and complement activation. Aggressive treatment, including early incision and drainage of abscess, dental surgery to eradicate the source of infection, prompt empirical antibiotic administration, and intensive blood glucose regulation will result in favorable results without a prolonged hospital stay.
- Deep neck infection
- Diabetes mellitus