The lived experience of indonesian nurses in kuwait: A phenomenological study

Ferry Efendi, Sylvia Dwi Wahyuni, Retno Indarwati, Setho Hadisuyatmana, Anna Kurniati, Zulkifli Abdullah Usin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Indonesia is recognized as an active player in the sending of health professionals, including nurses, abroad. Indonesian nurses are also placed in Middle Eastern countries, such as Kuwait. Nevertheless, there is little research exploring the life experience of Indonesian nurses living and working in Kuwait. Methods: The design of this study was qualitative with a phenomenological approach. Participants in this study were 21 Indonesian nurses who have lived and worked in Kuwait for a minimum of one year. The participants were recruited from hospitals in Kuwait. This study used a semi-structured interview which was conducted in appointed places. Data were then transcribed verbatim and thematically analyzed. Results: Five themes were identified, namely: Escalating career prospects; Immersing in the local culture; Added value for Muslims; Language barriers; and Dealing with homesickness. Discussion: Participants’ economic and social motives reflected different migration goals. Meanwhile, living in a Muslim country lessens the stress and may serve as a benefit during migration. Conclusions: Indonesian nurses who work in Kuwait tend to enjoy a good experience and decent salary. However, they may need upskilling in terms of the acquisition of the language needed in the receiving country. In addition, cultural adaptation and making adjustments to manage homesickness were among the strategies for surviving in the workplace whilst working in Kuwait.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-242
Number of pages8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Indonesian nurses
  • Life experience
  • Nurses in Kuwait
  • Phenomenology study


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