Population aged 60 years old and above are growing in number. The increase was due to the increasing life expectancy in Indonesia; a fact that will have an impact on general and oral health inthe future. Tongue lesions are related to degenerative diseases such as diabetes mellitus,hypertension and heart disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence oftongue lesions related to degenerative diseases in the elderly at Ketabang Public Health Center,Surabaya City, East Java. This is an observational descriptive study with a cross-sectional design.Intraoral soft tissue examination was performed by the general dentist and oral medicine specialistin elderly patients coming to Ketabang Public Health Center between January and March 2020.During this period, there were 85 elderly patients with degenerative diseases and prevalence oftongue lesions, namely fissured tongue (77.6%), coated tongue (67.1%), crenated tongue (32.9%),atrophic glossitis (29.4%), lingual varices (12.9%), and oral melanotic macule (1.1%). Fissuredtongue is the most common tongue lesion found in 77% elderly patients with degenerativediseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1569-1572
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Geriatric dentistry
  • Human and health
  • Mouth diseases
  • Oral medicine
  • Tongue


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