Introduction: Bacterial infection is one of the health problems caused by bacteria which can infect all organs of the body, including the digestive tract. Some companies require prospective workers to carry out a rectal swab checking for bacterial infection in the body. This study aimed to determine the prevalence value of bacterial infection among several prospective workers. Methods: This study used the Cross-Sectional method. We collected data from patients undergoing rectal swab examination. Examination of swab samples was performed using several bacterial culture methods to detect several species of bacteria including, Salmonella sp, Vibrio sp., Shigella sp., and pathogenic-Escherichia coli. Results: A total of 5 samples from 106 samples showed positive results (4.7%), while 101 samples showed negative results (95.3%). Positive samples were only found in 2018 while in 2017 were not found. There was significant differences between the group of ages (p-value = 0.007). More positive samples were found in prospective workers with ages over 27 years old compared to under 27 years old with an OR value = 0.878 (CI: 0.783-0.984). There was no significant differences in gender (p-value= 0.648; OR= 2.516; CI: 0.271-23.344). The laboratory test results also showed that only Salmonella paratyphi were found in all positive samples. Conclusion: The prevalence rate of bacterial infection among some prospective workers was 4.7%, which means that maintaining hygiene and sanitation are still needed.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2020|
- Bacterial infection
- Prospective workers
- Rectal swab