Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglicemia. Hyperglycemia can be determined by examining the A1c level, which is the examination of blood glucose that bound to Hb strongly and circulates with erythrocyte during the lifespan of erythrocyte. Patients with diabetes mellitus have been associated with various complications in oral cavity, one of which is angular cheilitis. Angular Cheilitis (AC) is extraoral lesion characterized with erythema, fissure, cracking, inflammation or ulceration at the corners of the mouth. Since AC is appeared extraorally, it may serve as an clinical sign indicating diabetes mellitus. Purpose is to discover the prevalence of AC based on A1c level in patients with diabetes mellitus. Descriptive observasional study with cross-sectional total sampling on 41 patients. The prevalence of angular cheilitis found 7 (17.1%) cases lesion from 41 total sampling with all of cases found in patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. In conclusion the prevalence of angular cheilitis all in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus patients with A1c level above 8%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2837-2843
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Cellular Archives
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • A1c level
  • Angular cheilitis
  • Candida
  • Diabetes mellitus


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