Prevalence of Amphistomes and Fasciola in large ruminants reared by smallholders in Lampung and Banten Provinces, Indonesia

Eny Martindah, Dyah Haryuningtyas Sawitri, April Hari Wardhana, Fitrine Ekawasti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Aim: Parasitic diseases, including trematode invasions, result in losses to livestock in Indonesia, hindering the government’s efforts to achieve meat self-sufficiency. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of Amphistomes and Fasciola in large ruminants reared by smallholder farmers. Materials and Methods: Fecal samples from 199 buffalo and cattle were collected from the districts of East Lampung (Lampung Province) and Lebak (Banten Province). Fecal samples were examined for the presence of trematode eggs using a sedimentation technique. Results: Parasite invasion rate was 48.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 41.3%–55.2%). Rate of invasion was 63.3% (95% CI: 52.7%–73.9%) in Lampung and 38.3% (95% CI: 29.6%–47.0%) in Lebak-Banten. The prevalence of multiple invasions of both Amphistomes and Fasciola was 20% in buffalo and local cattle, whereas invasion rate was 12.8% in crossbred cattle. Invasion rate of Amphistomes alone was 27.1%, and that of Fasciola was 4.5%. A higher invasion rate of Amphistomes (29.8%) occurred in crossbred animals. There were no significant differences between age groups for trematode invasion. The Chi-square test showed that the prevalence of trematode invasion in females was significantly higher than in males (51.5% and 30.0%, respectively). Amphistomes more commonly infected females than males (29.0% and 16.7%, respectively). Conclusion: All breeds were vulnerable to invasion by both trematode species and single invasions with different invasion rates. These findings contribute to determining the magnitude of the disease and provide a basis for studies on prevention and treatment of trematode invasion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2104-2109
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary World
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fasciola
  • Indonesia
  • amphistomes
  • large ruminants
  • prevalence

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