Prevalence and factors associated with anemia in women of reproductive age across low- and middle-income countries based on national data

Adugnaw Zeleke Alem, Ferry Efendi, Lisa McKenna, Eva Belingon Felipe-Dimog, Dagmawi Chilot, Santo Imanuel Tonapa, Ika Adelia Susanti, Agus Zainuri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Anemia is a global threat among women of reproductive age (WRA), or 15–49 years old women, both in developed and developing countries. Prevalence of anemia in WRA is higher by fourfold in developing countries, based on extensive studies and surveys conducted by WHO and UNICEF. However, there is limited studies that conducted pooled analysis of anemia prevalence in low resource countries. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and factors associated with anemia among women of reproductive age in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study used secondary data from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) in 46 low- and middle-income countries during 2010–2021. Descriptive statistics of proportions between pregnant and non-pregnant mothers were assessed. Multilevel binary logistic regression was used to test the factors associated with anemia among women of reproductive age. A total of 881,148 women of childbearing age in LMICs were included. This study found a high prevalence of 45.20% (95% CI 41.21, 49.16) of anemia was observed in among pregnant women and 39.52% (95% CI 33.88, 45.15) anemia was observed in non-pregnant women. Educational status, wealth status, family size, media exposure, and residence were common factors significantly associated with anemia in both pregnant and non-pregnant women. The high global burden of anemia in LMICs continues to underline the need for unusual approaches and target interventions on an individual basis. Global commitment and movement to reduce the prevalence of anemia need to be revisited and redesigned for current circumstances.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20335
JournalScientific Reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

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