Preoperative perfusion index as a predictor of post-anaesthetic shivering in caesarean section with spinal anaesthesia

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Abstract

Background: Post-anaesthetic shivering is frequently preceded by a decrease in peripheral blood flow. Perfusion index is a fast non-invasive method to assess peripheral blood flow, thus might be correlated with post-anaesthetic shivering. Aim: To analyse the relationship between preoperative perfusion index and post-anaesthetic shivering in patients undergoing caesarean section with spinal anaesthesia. Methods: In this prospective observational study, preoperative perfusion index measurements were performed on 40 participants who were undergoing elective caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia. Spinal anaesthesia was performed using Lidodex (Lignocaine + Dextrose 5%) at vertebrae L4–L5 or L3–L4 interspace. Shivering was observed until 120 minutes according to the Crossley and Mahajan scale. Statistical analysis was performed to examine the correlation and cut-off of preoperative perfusion index as a predictor for post-anaesthetic shivering. Result: There was a significant relationship between preoperative perfusion index with the incidence (p = 0.005) and the degree (p = 0.014) of post-anaesthetic shivering. The preoperative perfusion index cut-off value based on the ROC curve was 4.2 (AUC = 0.762, p = 0.002) with a sensitivity of 73.9% and specificity of 88.2%. Participants with preoperative PI < 4.2 had a greater risk of post-anaesthetic shivering (p < 0.001, RR = 3.13). Conclusion: Preoperative perfusion index less than 4.2 can predict post-anaesthetic shivering in patients undergoing caesarean section with spinal anaesthesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-114
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of perioperative practice
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • Caesarean section
  • Perfusion index
  • Post-anaesthetic shivering
  • Spinal anaesthesia

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