Background: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication that frequently arises during the second trimester, typically after 20 weeks of pregnancy, requiring increased awareness and vigilance. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyse factors affecting pregnant women’s behaviours in early detection of warning signs of preeclampsia (PE) based on the health belief model. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted, with 225 respondents as research subjects in Tuban Regency. The sampling technique used was stratified random sampling. Data analysis employed structural equal modeling. Results: The results demonstrated that sociodemographic factors had an indirect pathway toward detection behaviours of the PE warning signs through perceived susceptibility/severity and perceived barrier. Health belief factors, including perceived susceptibility/severity, perceived threat, perceived benefit, perceived barrier, and perceived self-efficacy, had direct pathways toward detection behaviours of the PE warning signs. Cues to action had both direct and indirect pathways toward detection behaviours of the PE warning signs. Conclusion: Improvement of promotion efforts and comprehensive health education by incorporating cognitive, physiological, and psychosocial beliefs were immensely required to enhance better detection behaviours.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-81
Number of pages6
JournalPharmacy Education
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2023


  • Early detection behavior
  • Health belief model
  • Warning sign of preeclampsia


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