Pharmacological Activation of YAP/TAZ by Targeting LATS1/2 Enhances Periodontal Tissue Regeneration in a Murine Model

Akiko Sato, Shigeki Suzuki, Hang Yuan, Rahmad Rifqi Fahreza, Xiuting Wang, Eiji Nemoto, Masahiro Saito, Satoru Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Due to their multi-differentiation potential, periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLF) play pivotal roles in periodontal tissue regeneration in vivo. Several in vitro studies have suggested that PDLFs can transmit mechanical stress into favorable basic cellular functions. However, the application of mechanical force for periodontal regeneration therapy is not expected to exhibit an effective prognosis since mechanical forces, such as traumatic occlusion, also exacerbate periodontal tissue degeneration and loss. Herein, we established a standardized murine periodontal regeneration model and evaluated the regeneration process associated with cementum remodeling. By administering a kinase inhibitor of YAP/TAZ suppressor molecules, such as large tumor suppressor homolog 1/2 (LATS1/2), we found that the activation of YAP/TAZ, a key downstream effector of mechanical signals, accelerated periodontal tissue regeneration due to the activation of PDLF cell proliferation. Mechanistically, among six kinds of MAP4Ks previously reported as upstream kinases that suppressed YAP/TAZ transcriptional activity through LATS1/2 in various types of cells, MAP4K4 was identified as the predominant MAP4K in PDLF and contributed to cell proliferation and differentiation depending on its kinase activity. Ultimately, pharmacological activation of YAP/TAZ by inhibiting upstream inhibitory kinase in PDLFs is a valuable strategy for improving the clinical outcomes of periodontal regeneration therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number970
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • DPPA
  • LATS1/2
  • MAP4K4
  • periodontal ligament fibroblasts
  • periodontal tissue regeneration
  • YAP/TAZ

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