Perioperative management of constrictive pericarditis with cardiac cirrhosis: A case report

Yudha Klahan Nugraha, Ummi Maimunah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The interactions between the heart and liver have been known for a long time, pericarditis constrictive could cause congestive hepatopathy via right-sided heart failure. Liver cirrhosis correlates with a high risk of mortality so perioperative management greatly influences outcomes. Case presentation: An Indonesian man, 50 years old, complained of breath shortness. The patient had a history of pulmonary tuberculosis and was declared cured 30 years ago. The patient began experiencing fatigue 14 years ago, and the patient was diagnosed with constrictive pericarditis 5 years ago. Currently, the patient has an increased jugular venous pressure of 9 cmH2O and abnormal laboratory indicators, including a platelet count of 121,000/μL, albumin count of 3.41 g/L, direct bilirubin count of 0.7 mg/dL, total bilirubin count of 1.4 mg/dL, and INR of 1.4. Echocardiography revealed left ventricle hypertrophy, diastolic dysfunction, and right ventricle failure. Cardiac CT scan showed pericardial calcification. Abdominal ultrasound showed liver congestive and splenomegaly. Transient elastography showed severe fibrosis in liver and stiffness in spleen. The patient underwent pericardiectomy with CTP score of 6 and MELD of 12. The surgery was successful, and the complaint was reduced. The patient experienced an improvement in his condition and able to carry out activities well after 2 years post-surgery. Discussion: The patient has no contraindications to pericardiectomy, CTP class A (5–6) and MELD score <13.5 has a low risk of mortality. Conclusion: CTP and MELD scores predict life expectancy in post-surgery cardiac cirrhosis patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109843
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Volume120
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2024

Keywords

  • Cardiac cirrhosis
  • Constrictive pericarditis
  • Pericardiectomy
  • Perioperative management

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Perioperative management of constrictive pericarditis with cardiac cirrhosis: A case report'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this