The purpose or this review is to disscuss the literature and research on associations between vitD, periodontal disease and orthodontics treatment. Article were searched from 2013 to 2022, with keyword “Vitamin D AND Periodontal diseases”; “Vitamin D AND Gingivitis”; “Vitamin D AND Periodontitis”; “Vitamin D AND orthodontic treatment”. Including literature article and research article (in vitro, and in vivo studies). Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is often caused by insufficient solar exposure and dietary intake, or both, and and the incidence of deficiency raised during the pandemic of covid 19. The importance of vitD remains unclear to shown in prevent periodontal disease. Some reviews discovered a link between 25(OH)D in serum with periodontal health, whereas others discovered no convincing evidence of vitamin D inhibits the development of periodontal inflamation. Orthodontic patients who are VDD may have teeth movement more slowly; nevertheless, vitamin D levels in orthodontic patients may not induce external root apical resorption. The significance of vitD as an adjunctive therapy during orthodontic movement is still debated, the molecular mechanism that happened during orthodontic movement when vitamin D present are mostly unknown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-139
Number of pages8
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • Health risk
  • Orthodontic treatment
  • Periodontal health
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin D deficiency


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