Backgrounds: The government’s strategy in reducing the high infant mortality rate (IMR) in Indonesia is to place midwives in the village and use the Integrated Management of Young Infants (MTBM) guidelines that integrate all steps through early detection and effective treatment. Midwives have not shown maximum performance in neonatal coverage and neonatal complications, each of which has not reached the target. This study aims to analyze the effect of self-efficacy and work engagement on task performance in the Pamekasan Public Health Center Work Area. Designs and methods: This research was conducted as an analytic study with a cross-sectional study. A sample of 151 village midwives in each Puskesmas’ working area, was then analyzed and interpreted to test the model with SEMPLS. Results: Directly self-efficacy has no effect on performance (t statistic 0.315 < 1.96; p-value 0.753 > 0.05), self-efficacy affects work engagement (t statistic 13.98 > 1.96; p-value 0.000 < 0.05), while work engagement has an effect on performance (t statistic 11.426 > 1.96; p-value 0.000 > 0.05). Indirectly, self-efficacy will affect performance if it is through work engagement (t statistic 7.392 > 1.96; p-value 0.000 > 0.05). Conclusion: The findings show that self-efficacy and work engagement can help improve the performance of village midwives in detecting neonatal emergencies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Public Health Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023


  • Midwife
  • performance
  • self-efficacy
  • work engagement


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