Perceived Threat Appraisal of Covid-19 among Indonesian Employees: Response to Work From Home (WFH)

Reza Lidia Sari, Rosatyani Puspita Adiati

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Provisions on the management of the COVID-19 pandemic impose several limitations, one of which is Work from Home (WFH). This study aimed to examine employees' perceptions toward the threat of being infected with COVID-19 in Work from Home (WFH) and Work from Office (WFO) scenarios. Protective Motivation Theory (PMT) was used to assess employees' perception of WFH as an effort to prevent the spread of Covid-19. An online survey formulated based on PMT measured perceived severity, perceived vulnerability, intrinsic reward, and extrinsic reward during the implementation of WFH. This study involved 223 employees from several cities in Indonesia from 20 May 2020 to 2 July 2020. The study results show that 83.4% of the employees agree and strongly agree that more non-compliance to the recommendations to WFH would result in a wider spread of Covid-19, and 70.8% of employees agree that they will be infected with COVID-19 if they work from office. This study also used descriptive analysis and ANOVA to identify the differences in perceived threat, perceived vulnerability, intrinsic reward, and extrinsic reward by demographic variables. Regarding age, sex, job level, and WFH duration, there was a significant difference in the assessment of perceived intrinsic reward of WFO. We also found a significant difference in perceived vulnerability in job level, and we found a significant difference in perceived vulnerability in the type of WFH. These findings can help organizations understand workers' perceptions of WFH.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
EditorsMuhammad Nabil Mohd Warid, Muhammed Abdullah Al Sayem Khan
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic)9780735447295
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2023
Event1st Technology and Policy for Supporting Implementation of COVID-19 Response and Recovery Plan in Southeast Asia, ITTP-COVID19 2021 - Virtual, Online, Malaysia
Duration: 6 Aug 20218 Aug 2021

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Number1
Volume2739
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference1st Technology and Policy for Supporting Implementation of COVID-19 Response and Recovery Plan in Southeast Asia, ITTP-COVID19 2021
Country/TerritoryMalaysia
CityVirtual, Online
Period6/08/218/08/21

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