Pelvic Floor Muscle Strength Stress Urinary Incontinence

Asih Anggraeni, Surahman Hakim, Budi I. Santoso, Tyas Priyatini, Fernandi Moegni

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Objective: To examine the relationship between muscle strength and muscle thickness of levator ani with Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) in women. Methods: This study uses a comparative cross-sectional study design. We collected 82 women who visiting the Obstetrics and Gynecology clinic of RSUPN Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo with the study group were subjects with positive cough tests while the control group were subjects with negative cough tests. The data obtained in the form of history taking, Questionnaire for Urinary Incontinence Diagnosis (QUID), physical examination (POPQ), cough test. perineometer, and ultrasound. Results: We found no significant difference between the levator ani muscle thickness to the incidence of SUI with the median levator ani muscle thickness 0.63 cm (range 0.31-1.02 and p = 0.897). While levator ani muscle strength against SUI has a median of 19.5 (range 4.6-88.6 and p = 0.001). In multivariate analysis it was found that purely SUI, prolapse and age had no significant effect on the strength of levator ani muscles with a p-value of 0.243; 0.844; 0.903. Conclusions: There is no significant difference in levator ani muscle thickness between women who experience SUI compared to those who do not. Women with SUI have weaker levator ani muscle strength than those who do not experience but are not statistically significant. And there is no correlation between muscle strength and levator ani muscle thickness in women with SUI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-185
Number of pages7
JournalIndonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • muscle strength
  • muscle thickness
  • perineometer
  • stress urinary incontinence
  • ultrasound


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