Background: Biliary atresia is the most common cause of cholestasis in infants caused by intrauterine and neonatal inflammatory process leads to progressive biliary tract obstruction and fibrosis. Risk factors are expected to contribute in the disease type. Many studies have been done to determine the risk factors of biliary atresia. Yet, there is still limited information about risk factors in Indonesia. This study aims to determine the risk factors contributing to biliary atresia in East Java, Indonesia. Methods: This cross-sectional study collected 219 medical record data of cholestasis patients during January 2010 to April 2017 that met the inclusion criteria. 85 of them were diagnosed with biliary atresia. Selected prenatal and postnatal risk factor were evaluated and analyzed. Result: There were significant results in maternal age on pregnancy (p= 0.009), parity (p= 0.035), and gestational age (p= 0.005) among 85 patients which were diagnosed with biliary atresia. The regression test showed significant result on those 3 factors. Conclusion: Maternal age on pregnancy, parity, and gestational age are the prenatal and postnatal risk factors that contribute to the biliary atresia incidence. These results are expected to be used as one of the providing information regarding prenatal and postnatal risk factors for pediatric biliary atresia in East Java, Indonesia.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2020|
- Biliary atresia
- Risk factor