Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a disease characterized by atherosclerosis formation which causes sudden cardiac death. The prevalence of CAD is expected to increase by 2030. Atherosclerosis started from accumulation of LDL in the blood vessels, followed by endothelial cell activation and dysfunction. PCSK9 is a gene that plays an important role in the creation of atherosclerotic plaque through induced degradation of LDLRs. Inhibition of PCSK9 gene resulted in a decrease of LDLRs degradation and reduction in LDL-C levels. LRP6, as well as its mutation, is a coreceptor that contributes to atherosclerosis through the canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway. By employing EMPs mediated miRNA-126, third-generation antisense against miR-494-3p (3 GA-494), and recombinant Wnt mouse Wnt3a (rmWnt3a), the inhibition of LRP6 could reduce VSMCs proliferation, enhancing anti-inflammatory macrophages, and diminished bioactive lipids component, respectively. Those mechanisms lead to the stabilization and reduction of atherosclerosis plaques.
|Journal||Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2022|
- coronary heart disease