Particular aspects on applying nanocarbon quantum dots for HIV inhibition and theranostics: A review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Viral infection is a globally leading health issue, causing significantly unfavourable mortality with an adversely decreasing socio-economic growth. To solve those infections of global pandemic HIV specifically, the current utilization of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in human deficiency virus (HIV) theranostics has remarkably improved the life‘s duration of HIV-infected patients; however, the unfortunate drawbacks in combination with prolonged HAART therapy need to be used continuously along patient‘s lifetime. Additionally, RNA virus of COVID-19 is also associated with viral pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome causing significant morbidity and mortality. Meanwhile, many scientific researchers have explored the successive novelty of carbon quantum dots (CQDs) as alternative to HIV or other related viruses theranostics in the field of antiviral drugs research, but the attempt has been still challenging to introduce perfect antiviral CQDs with excellent biocompatibility, drug resistance, and safety at several areas in the virus‘s life cycle. On the contrary, CQDs-based nano-therapy is currently promising because those carbon quantum dots had multiple favourable properties, including significant antiviral response effects, water-soluble activity, color-tunable fluorescence, high yield, low cytotoxic behaviour, and promising biocompatibility. In this review, the recent progress of promising CQDs for viral inhibition and theranostics explored by many studies are systematically summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-385
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Antiviral activity
  • CQD-based therapy
  • HIV
  • HIV
  • Nanomedicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Particular aspects on applying nanocarbon quantum dots for HIV inhibition and theranostics: A review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this