The study of Palatal rugae to determine a person’s identification is known as palatal rugoscopy. The scientific basis of the Palatal rugae analysis is the distinctive and individualistic pattern as a human identifier. According to the Interpol DVI guide, Palatal rugae can be a secondary identifier because it provides supportive information in individual identification. Various studies of Palatal rugae have been conducted to explore its application in sex determination. The purpose of this research was to investigate whether if of the Palatal rugae pattern could be used to help with sex determination in the Tengger population, Indonesia. This is a cross-sectional study with a total number of 70 subjects. All subjects from the Tengger area have voluntarily participated in this study. Each participant had a maxillary dental cast made, and the Palatal rugae pattern was examined using Thomas and Kotze’s categorization. The independent sample t-test in SPSS version 20.0 was used for the statistical study. The present investigation found a significant difference between males and females in the circular pattern of Palatal rugae (p< 0.05). The circular pattern was only found and became a characteristic of males in the Tengger population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-82
Number of pages6
JournalBulletin of the International Association for Paleodontology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Basic education
  • Forensic odontology
  • Palatal rugae pattern
  • Tengger population


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