p16INK4A Expression in Condyloma Acuminata Lesions Associated with High-Risk Human Papillomavirus Infection

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: The objective of this study was to discover the possible correlation between p16INK4A expression and the LR/HR-HPV infection in condyloma acuminate (CA) lesions. Materials and Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted during January-December 2017 on 33 CA patients. The expression of p16INK4A was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining. The positive interpretation was carried out by scoring which score 0 was negative, score 1 was sporadic, score 2 was focal, and score 3 was diffuses. The HPV genotypes were identified by reverse line blot, and 40 genotypes of HPV detected, including HR-HPV (HPVs 16, 18, 26, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 59, 66, 67, 68a, 68b, 69, 73, and 82) and LR-HPV (HPVs 6, 11, 40, 42, 43, 44, 54, 55, 61, 62, 64, 70, 71, 72, 81, 83, 84, 87, 89, and 90). Results: The expression of p16INK4A was significantly correlated with HR-HPV infection. Patients infected with HR-HPV had 0.644 times higher possibility to express p16INK4A gene compared to those infected with LR-HPV. LR-HPV genotypes detected in CA patients were HPVs 6, 11, 42, 61, 54, 81, 87, 89, and 90 and HR-HPV genotypes were HPVs 18, 26, 45, 51, 52, 67, 68B, 69, and 82. LR-HPV was found in 19/33 of patients and HR-HPV was in 14/33 of patients. The expression of p16INK4A in CA lesions was diffuse in15.2% of patients, was focal in 24.2% of patients, was sporadic in 39.4% of patients were, and was negative in 21.2% of patients. In LR-HPV group, there was no diffuse expression, focal expression was observed in 15.8%, sporadic in 47.4%, and negative in 36.8%, while in HR-HPV group, p16INK4A expression was detected in all lesions, in a way that its expression was diffuse in 35.7%, focal in 35.7%, and sporadic in 28.6%. Conclusion: IHC is a routine method in histopathological diagnosis, therefore the detection of p16INK4A expression by IHC can be used as a biomarker for HR-HPV infection diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3219-3225
Number of pages7
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • p16- high-risk HPV- low-risk HPV- condyloma- sexually transmitted diseases


Dive into the research topics of 'p16INK4A Expression in Condyloma Acuminata Lesions Associated with High-Risk Human Papillomavirus Infection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this