Overview of Self-Care of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease based on a Family Perspective

Virgianti Nur Faridah, Nursalam Nursalam, Ninuk Dian Kurniawati, Trijati Puspita Lestari, Nurul Hikmatul Qowi, Arifal Aris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


CKD patients undergoing hemodialysis have limitations in physical, psychological and mental care. However, patients with chronic diseases such as CKD do not automatically have the ability to treat themselves. Their families must be able to independently carry out palliative care at home. The purpose of this study is to describe the self-care of patients with chronic kidney disease based on family perspective This study was a quantitative research with descriptive approach. The sample consisted of 95 respondents determined using consecutive sampling from the population in hemodialysis room. This study used patient self-care variables consisting of self-maintenance, self-management, and self-confidence domains. Research variables were measured using the Self-Care of CKD Index and analyzed using descriptive analysis The results show that the highest percentage of self-care level is wholly compensatory (47.4%) and all self-care domains exist at the level of wholly compensatory systems, namely selfmaintenance (47.4%), self-management (42.1%), and self-confidence (42.1%). The ability of CKD patients to perform self-care while at home shows low dependence. Self-maintenance is the biggest domain among other self-care domains. The family has an important role in self-care as a support system at all domain, especially in self-managemen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1701-1704
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Hemodialysis
  • Self-care


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