Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) Analysis in Partially Edentulous Patients with and without Denture Therapy

Titiek Berniyanti, Retno Palupi, Baleegh Abdulraoof Alkadasi, Kartika Putri Sari, Putri R. Indriasari, Nadhifa Salma, Shafa Prasita, Regita A. Stephanie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: One of the Indonesians oral health problems today is teeth loss. Several treatments can be done to overcome the problems, especially to restore missing teeth function, which are mastication, speech function, and improve aesthetic. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) domains physical health, psychological health, social relationships, environment, and the domain of Oral Impact on Daily Performance (OIDP) in partially edentulous patients with implants, conventional dentures, and non-users (without implant and conventional denture). Patients and Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytic observational study. Samples were partially edentulous patients aged 15–70 in Surabaya were taken using a simple random sampling technique within inclusion criteria. Reliability and validity analysis was carried out with Eta correlation test and then comparative analysis was performed with Kruskal Wallis and Post Hoc test with Mann Whitney U-Test. All procedures were carried out in accordance with the relevant guidelines and regulations by Ethics Committee, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Unair, Surabaya, Indonesia (No: 441/HRECC.FODM/VII/2022). Results: The results showed that there was a significant correlation between partially edentulous patients with and without dentures with the domains of physical health, psychological health, social, environment, and the domain of OIDP. Conclusion: The study showed a statistically significant correlation between OHRQoL domain of physical health, psychological health, social and environment, and the domain of OIDP in partially edentulous patients with implants, conventional dentures, and non-users (without implants and conventional dentures). Edentulism is really felt by the people and has a negative effect meaningful to the physical, economic, and psychological. For this reason, in determining the use of implants, conventional dentures, and non-users (without implants and conventional dentures) it is important to consider domains of OHRQoL consisting of physical health, psychological health, social relationships, environment, and the domain of OIDP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-98
Number of pages10
JournalClinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • good health and well being
  • implant
  • physical health
  • psychological
  • social

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