Optimization of Biomass and Secondary Metabolite Production in Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr. Adventitious Roots Culture by Using the Method of Subculture and Fed-batch Cultivation in a Bioreactor

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Abstract

The valuable extract of bioactive compounds from Gynura procumbens has been widely manufactured into various health products. The demand for these compounds is continuously increasing, but production through conventional farming methods is insufficient due to limited agricultural land and environmental stresses. An alternative to producing plant biomass is in vitro cultivation methods. This method requires less space and enables biomass propagation in a controlled condition that can facilitate stable and efficient production of plant secondary metabolites. This study evaluated the effect of inoculum subculture periods and culture methods on G. procumbens biomass and secondary metabolite production in a bioreactor. The 3-L airlift balloon type-bubble bioreactors was modified in this study to adopt the treatment of 1st-5th subculture periods and fed-and batch-cultivation strategies. We found the G. procumbens adventitious root culture was optimally derived from the 1st subculture produced biomass of 148.02±1.45 g FW and 8.59±0.12 g DW, and TPC (14.48±1.08 mg GAE/g DW) and TFC (116.89±0.44 mg KE/g DW and 33.97±0.13 mg QE/g DW). Additionally, the fed method after 28 days of culture using double distilled water replenishment improved adventitious root biomass (213.75±35.00 g FW and 11.21±0.18 g DW), while nutrient replenishment improved TFC (52.14±0.44 mg KE/g DW and 14.54±0.13 mg QE/g DW). These results can be used to optimize the cultivation of G. procumbens adventitious roots in a large-scale bioreactor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797-807
Number of pages11
JournalHAYATI Journal of Biosciences
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • Gynura procumbes
  • adventitious root lines
  • bioreactor
  • fed-batch cultivation
  • secondary metabolites
  • subculture

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