Nystatin profile on Candida species in HIV/AIDS patients with oral candidiasis: A phenomenology study

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Abstract

Oral candidiasis is the main symptom that often appears in patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) / Acquired Immune Syndrome (AIDS). Recent studies reported that some bacteria causing oral candidiasis are resistant to antifungal drugs. Describing nystatin profile against candida species in HIV / AIDS patients with oral candidiasis. Twenty-nine subjects were divided into 2 groups based on sex (23 male subjects and 6 female subjects). Subjects carried out tissue culture procedure and were tested for sensitivity to fluconazole and nystatin. The analysis was conducted by comparing sex and type of infecting bacteria. Statistical analysis used chi-square test, fisher, or ANOVA with 95% CI with p <0.05. The average age of male and female subjects was 43.15 ± 3.67 years and 40.02 ± 10.23 years, respectively, with age range of 18-65 years. Recurrent oral candidiasis in male and female patients was 65.22% and 83.33%, respectively (p = 0.079). Subjects were resistant to fluconazole as much as 77.50% in men and 61.54% in women (p = 0.823). On the other hand, subjects sensitive to nystatin were 92.50% in men and 92.31% in women (p = 0.167). Fluconazole was resistant to Candida albicans (68.00%) and non-Candida albicans (78.57%) (p = 0.048), while nystatin was sensitive to Candida albicans (92.00%) and non-Candida albicans (92.86%) (p = 0.791). Most subjects were resistant to fluconazole, while the majority of subjects were sensitive to nystatin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2013-2019
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pure and Applied Microbiology
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Candida albicans
  • Fluconazole
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Nystatin
  • Oral candidiasis

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