Nurse workload, missed nursing care, and the contributing factors in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in a limited resource setting: A case from Indonesia

Martono Tri Utomo, Mahendra Tri Arif Sampurna, Melisa Melisa, Putu Bagus Dharma Permana, Ivan Angelo Albright, Risa Etika, Dina Angelika, Kartika Darma Handayani, Abyan Irzaldy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Nurses who are in charge of the Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) have a different workload and work assignments compared to other units. Evidence suggests that higher nurse workloads will increase the risk of missed nursing care. Missed nursing care in the NICU will eventually worsen the neonatal prognosis. This is a major problem in developing countries, which currently still have a high neonatal mortality rate. Methods: This was a cross sectional study using questionnaires to collect data from 48 nurses who work in Dr. Soetomo Hospital NICU from April 15 th 2021 to July 25 th 2021. The collected data was then processed with descriptive statistics, meanwhile the correlation between workload with missed nursing care was analyzed with Pearson and Spearman correlation. Results: The total mean of NICU nurse workload score according to the NASA-TLX (National Aeronautics and Space Administration Task Load Index) was 68.36, indicating a moderate overall workload, with effort as the highest component. Overall, 91.67% of the nurses had missed at least 1 out of 21 basic neonatal nursing care components. Labor resource factor was the most frequent missed nursing care factor, in which urgent patient situations were the most frequent problem. There was no significant correlation between the total nurse workload and the frequency of any missed nursing care (P=0.536). Conclusions: Effort was the biggest component of the NICU nurse total workload. The most frequently missed nursing care was giving emotional support for the patient’s parents and/or family. Labor resource factor was the most frequent problem which caused missed nursing care. However, there is no statistically significant correlation between the total workload with the frequency of missed nursing care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number468
JournalF1000Research
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • NICU nurse
  • missed nursing care
  • neonate
  • nurse
  • nurse workload

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