Novel PID Controller on Battery Energy Storage Systems for Frequency Dynamics Enhancement

Muhammad Abdillah, Tirta Jayadiharja, R. Harry Arjadi, Herlambang Setiadi, Ramon Zamora, Yusrizal Afif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Frequency dynamics is one of the important aspects of power system stability. From the frequency dynamics, the operator could plan how is the reliability of the electricity. The frequency can be maintained by controlling the balance between load demand and generation. To maintain the balance of the generation, the governor is playing an important role to increase the speed of the turbine and enhance the generating capacity of the generator (ramp-up). However, as the speed of the governor is slower than the increasing load demand, in the sub-transient area, the frequency may experience higher overshoot. Hence, it is important to add additional devices such as battery energy storage systems to enhance the frequency dynamics response in the sub-transient area. One of the important parts of storage is the controller. The controller must make sure the storage charges and discharge energy are in the sub-transient area. Hence PID controller can be the solution to make the storage operate optimally This paper proposed a novel PID controller on battery energy storage systems (BESS) to enhance the dynamics performance of frequencies. The five-area power system is used as the test system to investigate the efficacy of the proposed novel idea. Time domain simulation is investigated to see the improvement of the frequency dynamics response. From the simulation results, it is found that adding a PID controller on BESS could enhance the BESS response and result in frequency dynamics response improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-288
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Robotics and Control (JRC)
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


  • Battery Energy Storage System
  • Clean Energy Technology
  • Energy Governance
  • Multi-area Automatic Generation Control
  • Proportional Integral Derivative


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