Nonpharmacological Pain Management (Audiovisual Media) Reduces Pain Scale In Toddlers With Applying Infusion

Wesiana, Sovia Nur, Ugrasena, Yuni Sufyanti, Nur Hidaayah, Fauziyatun Nisa, Resti Utami

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Studies have continued to highlight that in hospitalized children inadequate pain management is a frequent occurrence. Applying infusion being in hospital can be a painful and frightening experience for children and their parents. Pain that is not treated has a physical and psychological impact on the child. Action is needed to reduce pain, both pharmacological and non-pharmacological actions. One of the non-pharmacological actions that can be done easily in toddlers is the distraction technique with audiovisual media. This study aims to determine the effect of distraction techniques with audiovisual media on the pain scale in a toddler when infusion in Surabaya Hospital. The study design was a quasi-experimental post-test only design with a sample of 36 toddlers who were treated in the emergency room at the Hospital in Surabaya with systematic random sampling. The independent variable in this study is the distraction technique with audiovisual media and the dependent variable is the pain scale at the time of infusion. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test of significance α = 0.05. The results of the study showed that of 36 toddlers, namely 18 children in the experimental group and 18 children in the control group. Pain during infusion in children is measured directly using the VAS scale from Wong-Baker and the FLACC scale. Mann Whitney test results with significance level α = 0.05 obtained the value of P = 0.016 using the VAS scale and the value of P = 0.029 using the FLACC scale which means that there is an influence of distraction techniques with audiovisual media on the pain scale in a toddler when Applying infusion. The technique of distraction with audiovisual media during infusion has significantly affected the scale of pain, Toddler who are infusion given distraction techniques have a lower pain scale when compared who are not treated.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication1st International Conference on Neuroscience and Learning Technology, ICONSATIN 2021
EditorsArika Indah Kristiana, Ridho Alfarisi
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735443006
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2023
Event1st International Conference on Neuroscience and Learning Technology, ICONSATIN 2021 - Jember, Indonesia
Duration: 18 Sept 202119 Sept 2021

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2679
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference1st International Conference on Neuroscience and Learning Technology, ICONSATIN 2021
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityJember
Period18/09/2119/09/21

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