An experimental oil emulsion Newcastle disease vaccine was evaluated for its efficacy in broiler chickens. A group of chickens vaccinated at one day old with a live lentogenic Newcastle disease vaccine and subsequently revaccinated at three and eight weeks old with the experimental oil emulsion vaccine showed satisfactory haemagglutination inhibition antibody response which persisted for 18 weeks. Between 90 and 100 per cent of the vaccinated chickens were protected when challenged with the velogenic viscerotropic Newcastle disease virus. Although the vaccinated chickens were protected against clinical disease, virus could be isolated from a number of birds. By day 10 to 12 after challenge all the chickens were free from Newcastle disease infection.