Objective: This study aimed to determine the role of three-dimensional (3D)/four-dimensional (4D) volume rendering ultrasound (VRU) in the diagnosis of abnormally invasive placenta (AIP). Materials and Methods: Twelve consecutive patients strongly suspected of having AIP on the basis of conventional ultrasound (US) and clinical history performed between September 2016 and December 2016 in the main tertiary referral hospital in Surabaya, East Java were included in this prospective observational study. A Samsung WS 80A Elite US scanner with a 3D/4D “crystal vue” and “realistic vue” volume rendering mode was used to establish the diagnosis of AIP and evaluate the site, and depth of placental invasion. The VRU images were compared with the intraoperative findings. Results: Using this novel US technique, all cases of suspected AIP were subsequently confirmed during surgery. Importantly, the new US technique provided a correct diagnosis of the degree of invasion in 11 out of these 12 suspected AIP cases: 5/5 for placenta percreta, 3/3 for placenta increta, and 2/3 for placenta accreta; one patient was misdiagnosed in terms of the degree of placenta accreta, and one patient had normal implantation). Conclusion: This new software of 3D/4D VRU represents a promising technique for the preoperative diagnosis and staging of AIP.
- 3D/4D ultrasound
- abnormally invasive placenta