Background: Optimal neonatal resuscitation requires knowledge and experience on the part of healthcare personnel. This study aims to assess the readiness of hospital healthcare personnel to perform neonatal resuscitation. Methods: This was an observational study conducted in May 2021 by distributing questionnaires to nurses, midwives, doctors, and residents to determine the level of knowledge and experience of performing neonatal resuscitation. Questionnaires were adapted from prior validated questionnaires by Jukkala AM and Henly SJ. We conducted the research in four types of hospitals A, B, C, and D, which are defined by the Regulation of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. Type A hospitals have the most complete medical services, while type D hospitals have the least medical services. The comparative analysis between participants’ characteristics and the knowledge or experience score was conducted. Results: A total of 123 and 70 participants were included in the knowledge and experience questionnaire analysis, respectively. There was a significant difference (p = 0.013) in knowledge of healthcare personnel between the type A hospital (median 15.00; Interquartile Range [IQR] 15.00–16.00) and type C hospital (median 14.50; IQR 12.25–15.75). In terms of experience, the healthcare personnel of type A (median 85.00; IQR 70.00-101.00) and type B (median 92.00; IQR 81.00-98.00) hospitals had significantly (p =0,026) higher experience scores than the type D (median 42.00; IQR 29.00-75.00) hospital, but we did not find a significant difference between other type of hospitals. Conclusions: In this study, we found that the healthcare personnel from type A and type B hospitals are more experienced than those from type D hospitals in performing neonatal resuscitation. We suggest that a type D hospital should refer the neonate to a type A or type B hospital if there is sufficient time in cases of risk at need for resuscitation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number520
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Healthcare Personnel
  • Hospital
  • Neonate
  • Readiness
  • Resuscitation


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