Muzakki and Mustahik’s collaboration model for strengthening the fundraising capacity of Islamic social finance institutions during COVID-19

Sri Herianingrum, Tika Widiastuti, Meri Indri Hapsari, Ririn Tri Ratnasari, Firmansyah Firmansyah, Shahir Akram Hassan, Annisa Rahma Febriyanti, Rachmi Cahya Amalia, Luthfi Akmal Muzakki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This study aims to examine how muzakki (zakat donator) and mustahik (zakat recipients) collaborated to strengthen the fundraising capability in Islamic social finance institutions (ISFIs) during the COVID-19. Design/methodology/approach: This study uses a descriptive qualitative method in conjunction with interview techniques. Interviews with muzakki of various professions were conducted, as well as data from field documentation, to develop a collaborative model of muzakki and mustahik in strengthening the fundraising capacity of ISFIs. Findings: The findings indicate that muzakki employed as civil servants, BUMN (state-owned enterprises) employees and entrepreneurs continue to pay zakat through ISFIs and support mustahik, whereas muzakki affected by the COVID-19 pandemic reduce their zakat spending. Consequently, with the collaboration of mustahik and muzakki, a framework can be developed to strengthen the strategy for raising funds for ISFIs. By empowering mustahik with businesses, ISFIs can increase the collection of zakat funds. Research limitations/implications: The collaboration model would strengthen ISFI's ability to raise Islamic philanthropic funds and optimize their management. The basis for the regulation is contained in Law No. 23 of 2011 which allows collaboration between institutions and other stakeholders. In addition, the role of ISFIs does not end with the collection and distribution of funds, they also maintain the muzakki and mustahik's cooperation, so a significant role is required in involving muzakki and mustahik for them to collaborate and synergize, as well as improving the quality of human resource from Amil (zakat collector) to implement the strategy. Originality/value: Few studies have been conducted in collaboration with Muzakki and Mustahik to develop models or frameworks for strengthening fundraising capabilities in ISFIs. Most of these studies are illustrative. Through collaboration between Muzakki and Mustahik, this research establishes a new model for enhancing the strategy of Islamic social finance fund raising to establish a sustainable system for ISFIs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-188
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Ethics and Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2024


  • COVID-19
  • Collaboration model
  • Islamic social finance institutions
  • Partnership for the goals


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