Molecular Epidemiological Survey for Degenerative Myelopathy in German Shepherd Dogs in Japan: Allele Frequency and Clinical Progression Rate

Shinichiro Maki, Md Shafiqul Islam, Tomohito Itoh, Masanobu Nurimoto, Akira Yabuki, Yu Furusawa, Hiroaki Kamishina, Yui Kobatake, Tofazzal Md Rakib, Martia Rani Tacharina, Osamu Yamato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Canine degenerative myelopathy (DM) is an adult-onset, chronic, progressive neurode-generative disease reported in multiple canine breeds, including the German Shepherd Dog (GSD). Clinical signs include progressive motor neuron paralysis, which begins in the pelvic limbs and eventually leads to respiratory distress, which may necessitate euthanasia. A common DM-associated mutation is a single nucleotide substitution that causes an amino acid substitution (c.118G>A, p.E40K) in the canine SOD1 gene. This SOD1 mutation and the clinical progression rate of A/A risk genotype in the Japanese GSD population have not been analyzed before. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the frequency of the mutated allele and analyze the clinical progression rate in the Japanese GSD population. We studied 541 GSDs registered with the Japanese German Shepherd Dog Registration Society between 2000 and 2019. Genotyping was performed using real-time PCR with DNA extracted from the hair roots of each dog. The study revealed 330 G/G dogs (61%), 184 G/A dogs (34%), and 27 A/A dogs (5%), indicating a frequency of the mutant allele of 0.220, which are in Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium. We analyzed the clinical signs in A/A dogs with an age limit of 10 years based on information obtained from the dogs’ owners. Of the seven A/A dogs older than 10 years, owners reported DM-related clinical signs, indicating a clinical progression rate of 100%. These results, further genotyping, and thorough clinical examinations of SOD1 A/A risk genotype will help control and prevent DM in the Japanese GSD population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1647
JournalAnimals
Volume12
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • German Shepherd Dog
  • canine SOD1 gene
  • degenerative myelopathy
  • disease prevention
  • dog breeding
  • mutant allele frequency

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