Modifying bioproduct technology of Medium Density Fibreboard from the seaweed waste Kappaphycus alvarezii and Gracilaria verrucosa

Mochammad Amin Alamsjah, Laksmi Sulmartiwi, Kustiawan Tri Pursetyo, Muhamad Nur Ghoyatul Amin, Kurnia Ayu Kusuma Wardani, Mochammad Didik Arifianto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effort to conserve Indonesian forest has become the main development priority which is indispensable to maintain the ecosystem balance, as well as thrive to preserve the use of timber wisely. Some alternative products, such as a composite board, are ideal to be developed as the alternative of timber products, as they have a main advantage of having various non-timber waste as the raw materials. One of examples of the timber utilization as the industrial raw material which have bright potential for both domestic and export marketing is the Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF) industry. The last few decades have shown that the need for MDF has been growing rapidly in Asia Pacific and Europe, recorded more than 15% growth rate per year. MDF is made of lignocellulose fibre combined with synthetic resins or other bondings which are appropriate for the high temperature’s and pressure’s treatment. The main component to fabricate MDF is lignocellulose which can be obtained from timber, straw, grass, farm/forest waste, industrial waste (timber, paper), and other fiber materials. Lignocellulose contains three main compositions: cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. The seaweed waste, namely Kappaphycus alvarezii and Gracilaria verrucosa, which experienced the carrageenan extraction and already contain sufficient lignocellulose as the raw material to manufacture MDF. Modifying bioproduct technology of MDF from the seaweed waste (K. alvarezii and G. verrucosa) is an advantageous alternative effort for the sake of both ecosystem balance and environmental friendly technological innovation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-45
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Gracilaria verrucosa
  • Kappaphycus alvarezii
  • Medium Density Fibreboard
  • Seaweed waste

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