Modified chest X-ray scoring system in evaluating severity of COVID-19 patient in dr. Soetomo general hospital Surabaya, Indonesia

Rosy Setiawati, Anita Widyoningroem, Triwulan Handarini, Fierly Hayati, Agnes Triana Basja, Atrikha Rahma Dyana Surya, Putri, Merlin Guntur Jaya, Jessica Andriani, Melina Rosita Tanadi, Imran Harsam Kamal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: The management of COVID-19 patients requires efficiency and accuracy in methods of detection, identification, monitoring, and treatment feasible in every hospital. Aside from clinical presentations and laboratory markers, chest x-ray imaging could also detect pneumonia caused by COVID-19. It is also a fast, simple, cheap, and safe modality used for the management of COVID-19 patients. Established scoring systems of COVID-19 chest x-ray imaging include Radiographic Assessment of Lung Edema (RALE) and Brixia classification. A modified scoring system has been adopted from BRIXIA and RALE scoring systems and has been made to adjust the scoring system needs at Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Indonesia. This study aims to determine the value of scoring systems through chest x-ray imaging in evaluating the severity of COVID-19. Methods: Data were collected from May to June of 2020 who underwent chest x-ray evaluation. Each image is then scored using three types of classifications: modified score, RALE score, and Brixia score. The scores are then analyzed and compared with the clinical conditions and laboratory markers to determine their value in evaluating the severity of COVID-19 infection in patients. Results: A total of 115 patients were males (51.1%) and 110 were females (48.9%). All three scoring systems are significantly correlated with the clinical severity of the disease, with the strengths of correlation in order from the strongest to weakest as Brixia score (p<0.01, correlation coefficient 0.232), RALE score (p<0.01, correlation coefficient 0.209), and Dr. Soetomo General Hospital score (p<0.01, correlation coefficient 0.194). All three scoring systems correlate significantly with each other. Dr. Soetomo General Hospital score correlates more towards Brixia score (p<0.01, correlation coefficient 0.865) than RALE score (p<0.01, correlation coefficient 0.855). Brixia to RALE score correlates with a coefficient of 0.857 (p<0.01). Conclusion: The modified scoring system can help determine the severity of the disease progression in COVID-19 patients especially in areas with shortages of facilities and specialists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2407-2412
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of General Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Brixia score
  • COVID-19
  • Chest radiographs
  • Modified score
  • RALE score


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