Models, kinetics, and thermodynamics for the adsorption of Pb2+ and Cd2+ metal ions by solid tofu waste immobilized on silica's surface

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Abstract

This research aimed to study the models, kinetics, and thermodynamics for the adsorption of Pb2+ and Cd2+ metal ions by solid tofu waste immobilized on silica surface. The isothermal adsorption model developed in this study revealed that a temperature of 27°C was required for the adsorption of Pb2+ and Cd2+ metal ions in a batch system with pH = 5.3 and pH = 6 respectively. The initial concentration of the metal ions were 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 ppm respectively in a volume of 50 mL containing 0.5g of adsorbent mass. The optimum contact time for adsorption was 120 minutes. Absorption model of both ions followed BiLangmuir Model. The real adsorption capacity was between 0.337 mg/L to 3.474 mg/L for Pb2+ ions and 0.437 mg/L to 3.687 mg/L for Cd2+ ions. The Gibbs free energy for Pb2+ ions adsorption was 3015.45 J/mol within the initial concentration range of 5, 10 and 20 ppm and 3995.62 J/mol in the initial concentration range of 30,40, and 50 ppm, while for Cd2+ ion adsorption was 578.17 J/mol I the initial concentration range of 5 and 10 ppm and 2376.86 J/mol within the initial concentration range of 20, 30, 40, and 50 ppm. The results of the adsorption kinetics study showed that the average rate of initial adsorption of Cd2+ ions was greater than that of Pb2+ ions. The order of the adsorption kinetics for Pb2+ ions varied between: pseudo first order and pseudo second order. While the adsorption kinetics for Cd2+ ions were second order for a concentration range of 5-50 ppm while the thermodynamic study of adsorption carried out at temperature variations (from 30 to 60°C) was used to determine the average enthalpy adsorption values for Pb2+ ions (95.553 kJ/mol) and Cd2+ ions (122.249 kJ/mol). While the pH of zero charge potential (pHPCZ of adsorbent was 8.40) and the optimum pH for the adsorption of Pb2+ ion and Cd2+ ion is 6.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-23
Number of pages12
JournalMoroccan Journal of Chemistry
Volume8
Issue numberS1
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Kinetics
  • Model
  • Thermodynamics

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