Mixing ratio of nano hydroxyapatite and Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) towards viscosity and antibacterial effect as a potential pulp capping Material: An experimental study

Kun Ismiyatin, Tamara Yuanita, Widya Saraswati, Mardikaning R. Saptaningrum, Dinsa C. Putri, Rara A. Miranda, Bagus A. Wibowo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Finding a new natural scaffold is challenging due to crucial impact on long-term treatment outcomes in pulp capping. In this context, nano hydroxyapatite (nano-HA) is a potential candidate having similar properties to bone tissue in the body. The compound is often synthesized with Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) which offers anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Therefore, this study aims to contribute novel insights into the development of effective pulp capping materials by determining the viscosity ratio of the combination of nano-HA and EGCG applied to the cavity according to standard pulp capping material, as well as proving the antibacterial effect against Lactobacillus acidophilus. Methods: The combination of nano-HA – EGCG is divided into three treatment groups, (G1) 1:1 ratio, (G2) 1:1.5 ratio, (G3) 1:2 ratio, as well as control group G4 (Ca(OH)2 and aquadest) with a ratio of 1:1. Meanwhile, each group is tested for viscosity using a Brookfield viscometer. The well diffusion method is used to determine the antibacterial activity by measuring the diameter of the inhibition zone for each treatment, with C1 (Ca(OH)2 and aquadest) as control group at a ratio of 1:1, and three treatment groups (nano-HA – EGCG), (C2) 0.5:1 ratio, (C3) 1:1 ratio, and (C4) 2:1 ratio. Results: The results show that there is a difference in the viscosity of each group with G3 having a viscosity of 12.0183 cP, which is closest to control. Furthermore, significant differences are also reported in antibacterial activity between control and treatment groups. Conclusion: The ratio of 1:2 (G3) has a viscosity that closely matches the standard of pulp capping materials. The combinations of nano-HA and EGCG are proven to have antibacterial power against Lactobacillus acidophilus.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSaudi Dental Journal
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Antibacterial
  • EGCG
  • Medicine
  • Nano-hydroxyapatite
  • Pulp capping
  • Viscosity

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